Reviewing Citizenship by Investment and Residence by Investment Plans:

One of our most frequently requested services is reviewing Citizenship by Investment and Residence by Investment plans.  In doing so we ensure that they are, or will be, the best fit for you and your family.

Assessing your situation

Many citizenship and residence statuses are acquired over time. They are usually pursued with the goal of being protected against possible negative impacts of future events. The purpose of our review is to determine if the goals of the original plan are still being met in light of new or stronger threats; significant changes in tax law enforcement in overseas countries; and evolving personal, financial, professional and family circumstances.

Will the citizenship and/or residency purchased years ago provide the hoped-for protection from the storm clouds on the horizon today and in the future?


In answering this question, it is important for clients to recognize that storm clouds can form in either their country of birth or in the overseas countries where they have purchased a citizenship and/or residence.

In some home countries there has been a sharp increase in incidents of abrupt arrest and asset seizure. This may happen without the accompanying rule of law protections common elsewhere. In countries where this is occurring, there is also a tendency to use extraordinary techniques. These may include seizing and charging innocent extended family members in order to extract results.

In the overseas countries, there is a marked increase in the ability of tax authorities to identify and seize the international assets of those who might be accused of tax evasion. It is key to remember that in the area of tax, the onus of proof is reversed. The taxpayer needs to overcome a tax authority’s assertion of tax liability. This is an issue that is being frequently overlooked by many purchasers of Citizenship by Investment programs. Many of these individuals did not comply with tax or other obligations that were part of the status they acquired. This may well have been through ignorance of such obligations. They may also have fallen victim to not changing with the times awareness that lax enforcement at the time allowed them to take liberties without suffering adverse consequences. Those days are gone!


How our reviews work

Reviewing Citizenship by Investment and Residence by Investment plans helps our clients to:

  1.  Identify risks to their current plan;
  2.  Evaluate the potential likelihood of these risks occurring and their ramifications;
  3. If appropriate, implement changes to their plan to eliminate or reduce the risk, address current concerns and meet the family’s long-term goals.

Contact us today if you want to inquire whether a review is appropriate for you and your family.

“I’ve worked with David for over 20 years on clients from around the world both in my current role and as a Senior Private Banker at the Royal Bank of Canada. David is much more than an immigration advisor because he also understands pre- and post-immigration tax and asset protection planning. Indeed, David shows how a second passport – as part of a comprehensive plan – is not just a necessary option but an opportunity…so our mutual clients land in their new countries in the most advantageous tax position possible.”

John McLeod
Director, Forvest Family Office Group, North, Central & South America

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Get in Touch

If you need to review your Citizenship by Investment or your Residence by Investment plan, please contact us for a private no-obligations first consultation at:


Call toll free at +1 (415) 685 4308